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Faculty
Jennifer Reeve

Jennifer Reeve

Associate Professor of Organic and Sustainable Agriculture
Area of Study: Agronomy, Plant Science, Soil Science
Emphasis: Soil Management/Sustainability, Soil Microbiology/Ecology
Employee Type: Faculty
Location:  AGRS 328
Office Phone:  435-797-3192
4820 Old Main Hill, AGS 322
Logan, UT 84322-4820

Specialties: Organic and sustainable agriculture

The goal of my research is to take a whole systems approach to developing solutions for increased sustainability of agro-ecosystems. Sustainable agriculture is commonly defined as the degree to which a farm is not only productive and economically viable but also conserves natural resources, minimizes negative environmental impacts and contributes positively to society. In addition to leading and participating in complex team research, I specialize in improving soil quality and soil fertility in organic and sustainable farming systems. The link between soil quality, long-term soil productivity and environmental quality is widely acknowledged. Maintaining or increasing soil organic matter is the key to long-term soil quality. Soil organic matter improves water infiltration, increases water holding capacity, mitigates compaction, prevents erosion, and maintains soil fertility, nutrient cycling and disease suppression. Inputs of water, fertilizer and pesticides typically increase as soil quality declines. In order to be sustainable in the face of rising energy costs and increasing competition for water, we cannot afford to ignore soil quality. As such my research program focuses on the long-term effects of compost, cover crops and crop rotations on soil quality, soil fertility and the sustainability of agro-ecosystems.
 
I am currently working on a number of large-scale agro-ecosystem trials including stone-fruit, vegetable and grain systems. In addition to my research activities I teach the principles and practices of organic farming to students on campus and am the faculty advisor to the vibrant and successful USU Student Organic Farm.
 
 

 

Education

 Ph.D., Soil Science, Washington State University, 2007.
       Dissertation: Soil Quality and Microbial Functional Diversity on Organic and
       Conventional Strawberry Farms.
       Advisors: John P. Reganold and Lynne Carpenter-Boggs
 M.S., Soil Science, Washington State University, 2003.
 B.S., Hons., Ecology, University of Sheffield, 1995.

 

Professional Experience

08/2007 - present
 
Assistant Professor in Organic and Sustainable Agriculture, Department of Plants, Soils, and Climate, Utah State University.
08/2001 – 07/2007
 
Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington, State University.
11/2005 – 06/2006
 
Visiting Scientist, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Lab, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
06/2002 – 06/2004
 
Land Institute Fellow, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University.
03/1999 – 07/2001
 
Laboratory Technician, Josephine Porter Institute, for Applied Biodynamics, Woolwine, Virginia.
04/1996 – 02/1999
 
Assistant Children’s Environmental Activities Educator at Mannington Hall, the Norfolk Wildlife Trust, and BUNAC (British Universities North America Club).
09/1995 – 03/1996
 
Volunteer at NEAD (Norwich Education and Action for Development). Working to promote fair trade with developing nations.

 

Teaching

08/2007 – present
 
PSC 2800/6900. Fundamentals of Organic Agriculture. Taught spring semester (3 credits).
08/2008 – present
 
PSC 4900. Organic Farm Practicum. Taught spring, summer and fall semesters (1 credit).

 

Awards

Civically Engaged Scholar for Utah State University 2012. Utah Campus Compact.

Finalist, Best Student Organization 2012. Utah State University Robins Award.
 
Shepard Award 2010. For the paper entitled "A Comparison of Root Distribution Patterns Among Prunus Rootstocks. " The American Pomological Society.

Grants

2012-2016  USDA Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative   $1, 603, 653

Developing adapted varieties and optimal management practices for quinoa in diverse environments. Principle Investigator: Kevin Murphy; Collaborator; Byung-Kee Baik, Earl Creech, Kefyalew Desta, Jessica Goldberger, Stephen Machado, Jeff Maughan, Janet Matanguihan, Steve Petrie, Jennifer Reeve.
 
2010-2014 USDA AFRI Microbial Communities in Soil   $498,000
Functional and molecular diversity in nitrogen cycle enzymes under contrasting agricultural management systems. Principle Investigator: Jeanette Norton; Collaborators: John Stark, Mussie Habteselassie and Jennifer Reeve.
 

2010-2014 USDA Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative    $1,019,411

Improving organic milk production through the use of the condensed tannin-containing forage legume birdsfoot trefoil. Principle Investigator: Jennifer Macadam; Collaborators: Joe Brummer, Jong-Su Eun, C. Wilson  Grey, Deb Heleba, Anowar  Islam, Donald McMahon, Jennifer Reeve, Glenn Shewmaker, Allen Young.
 

2009-2013 USDA Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative.  $637,519.

Organic Stone-Fruit Production: Optimizing water use, fertility, pest management, fruit quality and economics. Principle Investigator: Jennifer Reeve; Collaborators: Brent Black, Diane Alston, Corey Ransom, Silvana Martini, and Ruby Ward.

 

2009-2012  USDA Managed Ecosystems.  $374,133.

Primary Roles for Secondary Compounds: Enhancing the health of soils, plants, herbivores and people through plant biochemical diversity. Principle Investigator: Fred Provenza; Collaborators: Jennifer Reeve, Jennifer MacAdam, Juan Villalba, Daren Cornforth, Silvana Martini, Robert Ward, Beth Burritt and Rae Ann Hart.

 

2008-2011  Western SARE Research and Education Grant.   $133,441.

Cultural management of onion thrips and Iris Yellow Spot virus. Western SARE Research and Education Grant. Principle Investigator: Jennifer Reeve; Collaborators: Diane Alston, Dan Drost and Kent Evans.

 

Publications

Reeve, J.R., J.B. Endelman, B.E. Miller, and D.J. Hole. 2012 Residual effects of compost detectable sixteen years after application in dryland Wheat. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 76:278-285
 
Reeve, J.R., and D.T. Drost 2012. Yields and soil quality in transitional organic high tunnel tomatoes. HortScience. 47:38-44
 
Reeve, J.R., L. Carpenter-Boggs, and H. Sehmsdorf. 2011. Sustainable Agriculture, a case study of a small Lopez Island Farm. Agricultural Systems. 104:572-579
 
Rowley, M.A., B.L. Black, C.V. Ransom, J.R. Reeve, J.E. Creech. 2011. Alternative alleyways for tart cherry orchards.  Journal of the American Pomological Society. 65:208-217
 
Rowley, M.A., C.V. Ransom, J.R. Reeve, and B.L. Black. 2011 Mulchand organic herbicide combinations for in-row orchard weed suppression.  International Journal of Fruit Science. 11:316-331
 
Reeve, J.R., J.L. Smith, L. Carpenter-Boggs, and J.P. Reganold. 2008. Soil based cycling and differential uptake of amino acids by three species of strawberry (Fragaria spp.) plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 40:2547-2552.
 
Reeve, J.R., J.L. Smith, L. Carpenter-Boggs, and J.P. Reganold. 2009. Glycine N, nitrate and ammonium uptake by classic and modern wheat varieties in a short-term microcosm study. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 45:723-732.
 
Endelman, J., J.R. Reeve, D. Drost. 2010. A new decay series for organic crop production. Agronomy Journal. 102:457-463.
 
Reeve, J.R., L. Carpenter-Boggs, J.P. Reganold, and W.F. Brinton. 2010. Influence of biodynamic preparations on compost development and resultant compost extracts on wheat seedling growth. Bioresource Technology. 101:5658-5666.
 
Reganold, J.P, P.K. Andrews, J.R. Reeve, L. Carpenter-Boggs, C.W. Schadt, R. Alldredge, C.F. Ross, N.M. Davies, and J. Zhou. 2010. Enhanced fruit quality and soil functional gene abundance and diversity on organic strawberry farms. Plos One 5:e12346. Doi10.1371/journal.pone.0012346
 
Endelman, J.B., J.R. Reeve, and D.J. Hole. 2010. Economically optimal compost rates for organic crop production.  Agronomy Journal. 102:1283-1289.
 
Endelman ,J.B., J.R. Reeve, and D.T. Drost. 2010. A new decay series for organic crop production. Agronomy Journal.102:457-463.
 
Black, B.L., D. Drost, T. Lindstrom, J.R. Reeve, and G. L. Reighard. 2010. A comparison of root distribution patterns among Prunus rootstocks. Journal of the American Pomological Society. 64:52-60.
 
Reeve, J.R., C.W. Schadt, L. Carpenter-Boggs, J.P. Reganold, and Z. Zhou. 2010. Microbial functional diversity and enzyme activities in response to soil fumigation and organic management. The International Society of Microbial Ecology Journal. 4:1099-1107.
 
Reeve, J.R., L. Carpenter-Boggs, J.P. Reganold, A.L. York, and G. McGourty and L. McCloskey. 2005.  Soil and winegrape quality in biodynamic and organically managed vineyards. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture56:367-376.

 

Proceedings

Reeve, J.R., B.L. Black, C.V. Ransom, D.G. Alston, C.M. Culumber, A.S. Tebeau, T. Lindstrom. Developing organic stone-fruit production options for Utah and the Intermountain West. Acta Horticulturae (in press.)
 
Carpenter-Boggs, L., J.P Reganold, J.R. Reeve and P.K. Andrews. Organic management improves soil health and strawberry nutritive value. In Proceedings of the Western Nutrient Management Conference. Reno, ND. March 3-4th2011.
 
Reeve, J.R., J.L. Smith, L. Carpenter-Boggs, J.P. Reganold. 2005. "Plant uptake of organic molecules as N source." In Researching Sustainable Systems, Proceedings of the First Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR), Institute of Organic Agriculture. Adelaide, Australia, September 20-27th 2005. Edited by U. Köpke, U. Niggli, D. Nuehoff, P. Cornish, W. Lockeretz, and H. Willer, 16. (Bonn, Germany 2005).
 
Reeve, J.R., L. Carpenter-Boggs, J.P. Reganold, A.L. York and G. McGourty. 2005. "Soil and winegrape quality in a biodynamically and organically managed vineyard." In Researching Sustainable Systems, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Organic Viticulture, Institute of Organic Agriculture,Adelaide, Australia, September 20-27th 2005. Edited by U. Köpke, U. Niggli, D. Nuehoff, P. Cornish, W. Lockeretz, and H. Willer,16.  (Bonn, Germany 2005).
 
Carpenter-Boggs, L., J.R. Reeve, and J.P. Reganold. " Biodynamic preparations speed composting and increase nitrogen." 2002. In Cultivating Biological Connections: Proceedings of the Northwest Symposium on Organic and Biologically Intensive Farming: Advances in Research and Education. November 8th 2002, Yakima, WA .Edited by C. Miles, D. Granatstein and A. Stone, 2.

 

Abstracts and Posters

Culumber, M., and J.R. Reeve, B.L. Black, C.V. Ransom D.G. Alston, A. Tebeau, T. Lindstrom. 2012. Organic orchard floor management impacts soil nitrogen cycling and tree nitrogen uptake. Soil Science Society of America. October 21-24, Cincinnati, OH.

Reeve, J.R., B.L. Black, C.V. Ransom D.G. Alston, M. Culumber, A. Tebeau, T. Lindstrom. 2012. Approaches for establishing organic stone-fruit orchards in Utah and the Intermountain West. American Society for Horticultural Sciences. July31-Aug 3. Miami. FL.

Reeve, J.R., B.L. Black, C.V. Ransom D.G. Alston, M. Culumber, A. Tebeau, T. Lindstrom, R. Ward, and S. Martini. 2012. Developing organic stone-fruit production options for Utah and the Intermountain West. International Society of Horticultural sciences. June 18-21, Leavenworth, WA.

Culumber, M. and J.R. Reeve, 2012. Evaluating orchard for floor management effects on soil quality. International Society of Horticultural Science. June 18-21, Leavenworth, WA.

Olsen, D., J.R.,J.R. Reeve, J.B. Endelman, D.T. Drost, and A.R. Jacobson. 2011. Compost carryover as measured by yield, mineralizable nitrogen, and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in response to one-time applications in an organic field trial. October 16-17 San Antonio, TX.

Reeve, J.R., B.L. Black, M.A. Rowley, D.G. Alston, C.V. Ransom. 2011. Developing organic stone-fruit systems for Utah and the Intermountain West. American Society for Horticultural Sciences September 25-28, Waikoloa, HI.

Carr, P.M., C.A. Cambardella, C.G. Coger, K. Delate, W.B. Evans, J.R. Reeve, and X. Zhao. 2011. A new multi-state research coordinating committee for linking food quality to soil health benefits following adoption of organic managementt systemsstems. American Society for Horticultural Sciences September 25-28, Waikoloa, HI.

Rowley, M.A., C.V. Ransom, J.R. Reeve, B.L. Black. 2011 Weed suppression using organic herbicides and mulch combinations. Weed Science Conference, Portland, OR.

Reeve, J.R., B.L. Black, M.A. Rowley, D.G. Alston, C.V. Ransom. 2011. Developing organic stone-fruit systems for Utah and the Intermountain West. Organic Farming Systems Research Conference March16-18, Washington, DC.

Reeve, J.R., J.B.Endelman, and D.J. Hole. Long-term compost carryover on soil quality and yield of dryland organic winter wheat. 2011. International Conference of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability 5-7th January, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Reeve, J.R., D.T. Drost, D.G. Alston. 2010. Taking a whole farm approach to managing onion thrips and Iris Yellow Spot virus. Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.

Buckland, K., J.R. Reeve, D.T. Drost, D.G.Alston. 2010. Effects of nitrogen and crop rotation on onion thrips, Iris Yellow Spot virus and onion yield. American Society for Horticultural Sciences, Palm Desert, CA

Reeve, J.R., L. Carpenter-Boggs, S. Fransen, H. Semmsdorf. 2010. Biodynamic spray preparations may improve soil pH and forage quality. 2010. International Conference of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability 3-7th January, Cuenca, Ecuador.

Endelman, J. J.R. Reeve, D. Drost. 2009. A new decay series for organic crop production. Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, WI.
 
Reeve, J.R., B. Black, D. Alston, C. Ransom. 2009. Developing organic and reduced-input tree-fruit production options for the Wasatch front. US International Association of Landscape Ecology Conference. Snowbird, UT.
 
Alston, D., J.R. Reeve, C.K. Evans, D. Drost. 2009. Cultural management of onion thrips and Iris Yellow Spot virus. Pacific Branch Entomological Society of America. San Diego, CA.
 
Reeve, J.R., D. Alston, C.K. Evans, D. Drost. 2008. Cultural management of onion thrips and Iris Yellow Spot virus. Western SARE Regional Conference, Cheyenne, WY.
 
Drost, D., J.R. Reeve, D. Alston, C.K. Evans. 2008. Cultural management of onion thrips and Iris Yellow Spot virus. National Allium Research Conference. Savanna, GA.
 
Reeve, J.R., J.L. Smith, L. Carpenter-Boggs, J.P. Reganold. 2004. Plant uptake of organic molecules as N source. Agronomy Abstracts (#6448). American Society of Agronomy. Madison, WI.
 
Reeve, J.R., J.P. Reganold, D. Huggins, J.D. Glover, and L. Carpenter-Boggs. 2002. Agroecosystem research trials. Natural Systems Agriculture Workshop, The Land Institute. Matfield Green, K.S.

 

Invited Speaker

Organic and Integrated Orchard Floor Management. Utah State Horticultural Association Winter Meeting, January 30-February 1, Provo, Utah.
 
Organic and Integrated Orchard Floor Management, Western Colorado Horticulture Convention. January 17-19 2012, Grand Junction, Colorado
 
Cover Crops for Orchards: Establishment, biomass production, weed suppression and water use. Western Colorado Horticulture Convention. January 17-19, 2012, Grand Junction, Colorado.
 
Sustainable Agriculture in Utah. Sustainability Symposium. Wallace Stegner Center for Land, Resources and the Environment at the University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law. March 12-13, 2010, Salt Lake City, Utah.
 
Nitrogen and a Whole Farm Approach to Managing Iris Yellow Spot Virus. Utah Onion Association, February 16, 2010, Brigham City, Utah.
 
Influence of Biodynamic Preparations on Grape Pomace Compost and Resultant Compost Extracts on Wheat Seedling growth. Making and Use of Compost Conference. Washington Association of Wine Grape Growers. February 3-5, 2010, Kennewick, Washington.
 
Building a Local and Regional Food Coalition in the Intermountain West. American Society for Agronomy. November 1-3, 2010, Long Beach California.
 
Nitrogen and a Whole Farm Approach to Managing Iris Yellow Spot Virus. Utah Onion Association, February 17, 2009, Brigham City, Utah.
 
The USU Student Organic Farm. Sustainability Conference. Eccles Conference Center, April 9, 2009, Logan, Utah.
 
The USU Student Organic Farm. Bioneers Conference. Eccles Conference Center, October 17, 2008, Logan, Utah.
 
Cover Crop Management in Orchards. Natural Resource Conservation Service Training, May 28, 2008, Santaquin, Utah.
 
Systems Research Round Table. Western SARE, June 24-25, 2008, Spokane, Washington
 
Compost Research on a Biodynamic Vineyard. Biodynamic Farming and Gardening Association National Conference. Healing our Earth, Healing Ourselves, August 24-26, 2007, Sacramento, California.