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John Carman

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Agricultural Experiment Station

Professor, Plant Genetics

Professor

Contact Information

Office Hours: By appointment
Go toOffice Location: AGRS 232
DialPhone: 435-512-4913
SendEmail: john.carman@usu.edu


Educational Background

PhD, Genetics, (Plant Genetics), Texas A&M University, 1982
Defoliation responses of little bluestem at the organism and population level
MS, Range and Wildlife Management, Brigham Young University, 1978
Comparative ecology: a study of sites invaded by Tamarix ramosissima and Elaeagnus angustifolia in central Utah
BS, Earth Science, Brigham Young University, 1976

Teaching Interests

Plant growth and development Plant molecular biology/biotechnology Plant Propagation

Research Interests

1) Molecular and developmental biology of plant reproduction 2) Evolution

Awards

Organizer, Apomixis Session, 2010

International Botanical Congress, Melbourne, Australia, July, 2011

Organizer: 1st Utah Plant Genetics Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009


Publications - Abstracts

  • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1991). Oxygen availability affects endogenous hormone levels in cultured zygotic embryos and embryogenic callus of wheat. Plant Physiology (Abstracts Supplement) *

Publications - Books & Book Chapters

    Books

  • Savidan, Y., Carman, J.G, Dresselhaus, T.T, (2001). The Flowering of Apomixis: From Mechanisms to Genetic Engineering. CIMMYT
  • Book Chapters

  • Carman, J.G, Jamison, M., Pattanayak, J., Lacey, J., Kim, J., Elliott, E., Klein, P., Ulrich, T., Dwivedi, K., (2007). Genetic analyses of aposporous embryo sac formation in sorghum.. In: Z Xu, J Li, IK Vasil, Y Xue and W Yang (eds) Proceedings of the 11th International Association of Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology Congress,
  • Carman, J.G, (2007). Do duplicate genes cause apomixis?. In Horandl E, Grossniklaus U, Van Dijk P, Sharbel T (eds) Apomixis: Evolution, Mechanisms and Perspectives, pp 63-91
  • Dresselhaus, T.T, Carman, J.G, Savidan, Y., (2001). Genetic engineering of apomixis in sexual crops: A critical assessment of the apomixis technology. In: Y, Savidan, J.G. Carman, and T. Dresselhaus, eds: The Flowering of Apomixis
  • Carman, J.G, (2001). The gene effect: genome collisions and apomixis. In: Y Savidan, JG Carman, and T. Dresselhaus eds: The Flowering of Apomixis: From Mechanisms to Genetic Engineering *
  • Carman, J.G, (2000). The evolution of gametophytic apomixis. In: T Batygina, ed: Embryology of Flowering Plants, Vol. 3: The Systems of Reproduction. *
  • Carman, J.G, (1995). Nutrient absorption and the development and genetic stability of cultured meristems. . In: M Terzi, R Cella, and A Falavigna (ed.) Current Issues in Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology, Proceedings of the VIII Intern. Cong. on
  • Carman, J.G, (1995). Somatic embryogenesis in wheat. In Y.P.S. Bajaj (ed.) Biotechnology in agri-culture and forestry, Vol. 31, Somatic embryogenesis and synthetic seed II
  • Carman, J.G, Hess, J.R, Bishop, D., Hole, D.J, (1993). In ovulo environments and embryo dormancy in wheat. In M. K. Walker-Simmons and J. L. Ried (ed.) Pre-harvest Sprouting in Cereals 19
  • Carman, J.G, Wang, R.R, (1992). Apomixis in the Triticeae. In J. H. Elgin and J. P. Miksche (eds.) Proceedings of the apomixis workshop
  • Carman, J.G, Campbell, W.F, (1990). Factors affecting somatic embryogenesis in wheat. In Y.P.S. Bajaj (ed.) Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
  • Carman, J.G, (1987). Cellular and molecular approaches to the ecophysiology and genetic improvement of shrubs. Symposium on Shrub Ecophysiology and Biotechnology, Logan, UT, June 30-July 2, 1
  • Briske, D.D, Hinnant, R.T, Brown, J.R, Carman, J.G, Stuth, J.W, (1982). Tiller utilization, demography and response to defoliation in a Schizachyrium - Paspalum grassland. In: D.D. Briske and M.M. Kothmann (eds.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Grazing Manage. Technol.

* Has not been peer reviewed

Publications - Fact Sheets

    * Has not been peer reviewed

    Publications - Curriculum

      * Has not been peer reviewed

      Publications - Journal Articles

        Academic Journal

      • Windham, M.D, Beck, J.B, Lei, F., Allphin, L., Carman, J.G, Sherwood, D.A, Rushworth, C.A, Sigel, E., Alexander, P.J, Bailey, C.D, Al-Shehbaz, I.A, Smith, J.F, (2015). Searching for Diamonds in the Apomictic Rough: A Case Study Involving Boechera lignifera (Brassicaceae). Systematic Botany, 40:4, 1-15. doi: DOI 10.1600/036364415X690076
      • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Clemente, T.E, Ge, Z., Carman, J.G, (2014). The OCL3 promoter from Sorghum bicolor directs gene expression to abscission. Annals of Botany, 114, 489-498.
      • Hojsgaard, D., Klatt, S., Baier, R., Carman, J.G, Horandl, E., (2014). Taxonomy and biogeography of apomixis in angiosperms and associated biodiversity characteristics. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 33:5, 414-427. doi: 10.1080/07352689.2014.898488
      • Bhattarai, K., Bushman, B.S, Johnson, D.A, Carman, J.G, (2011). Searls Prairie Clover (Dalea Searlsiae) for Rangeland Revegetation: 1 Phenotypic and Genetic Evaluations. Crop Science, 51, 716-727.
      • Fuller, R.J, Liddiard, V.M, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (2011). Improving cotton embryo culture by simulating in ovulo nutrient and hormone levels. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology Plant, 47, 410-419.
      • Carman, J.G, Jamison, M., Elliott, E., Dwivedi, K.K, Naumova, T.N, (2011). Apospory appears to accelerate onset of meiosis and sexual embryo sac formation in sorghum ovules. BMC Plant Biology, 2011:11:9, 1-13. doi: www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/11/9
      • Bhattarai, K., Bushman, B.S, Johnson, D.A, Carman, J.G, (2010). Phenotypic and Genetic Characterization of Western Prairie Clover Collections From the Western United States. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 63:6, 696-706.
      • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2010). Expression in Arabidopsis of a nucellus-specific promoter from watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Plant Science/Elsevier, 179:2010, 549–552. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.07.016
      • Liddiard, V.M, Carman, J.G, (2010). Simulating in ovulo osmotic potentials and O2 tensions normalizes growth and pigmentation of cultured immature cotton embryos. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 102:2010, 1-8. doi: 10.1007/s11240-010-9697-5
      • Fuller, R.J, Carman, J.G, Hess, J.R, (2009). Nutrient and hormone levels in cotton ovules during embryony. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 99, 183-192.
      • Bradley, J., Carman, J.G, Jamison, M., Naumova, T., (2007). Heterochronic features of the female germline among several sexual diploid Tripsacum L. (Andropogoneae, Poaceae). Sexual Plant Reproduction, 20, 9-17.
      • Carman, J.G, Reese, G., Fuller, R.J, Ghermay, T., Timmis, R., (2005). Nutrient and hormone levels in Douglas fir corrosion cavities, megagametophytes and embryos during embryony. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research, 35, 2447-2456.
      • Carman, J.G, (2004). Apomixis for crop production: Status of technology development and commercialization implications. Willamette Journal of International Law and Dispute Resolution, 12, 28-48.
      • Carman, J.G, Bishop, D., (2004). Diurnal O2 and carbohydrate levels in wheat kernels during embryony. Journal of Plant Physiology, 161, 1003-1010.
      • Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Bingham, G.E, Bubenheim, D.L, Yendler, B., Sytchev, V., Levinskikh, M., Ivanova, I., Chernova, L., Podolsky, I., (2003). Plant Growth During the Greenhouse II Experiment on the Mir Orbital Station. Advances in Space Research, 31, 221-227.
      • Parrott, D.L, Anderson, A.J, Carman, J.G, (2002). Agrobactgerium induces plant cell death in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 60, 59-69.
      • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, Banowetz, G.M, (2002). Hormones in wheat kernels during embryony. Journal of Plant Physiology, 159, 379-386.
      • Nan, R., Carman, J.G, Salisbury, F.B, (2002). Water stress, CO2 and photoperiod influence hormone levels in wheat. Journal of Plant Physiology, 159, 307-312.
      • Monje, O., Bingham, G.E, Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Eames, B.K, Sytchev, V., Levinshikh, M.A, Podolsky, I., (2000). Canopy photosynthesis and transpiration in microgravity: gas ex-change measurements aboard Mir. Advances in Space Research, 26, 303-306.
      • Nan, R., Carman, J.G, Salisbury, F.B, (1999). Low irradiances affect abscisic acid, indole-3-acidic acid, and cytokinin levels of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tissues. Journal of Plant Physiology, 155, 556-560.
      • Jiang, L.M, Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Nan, R., (1999). Studies on flower initiation of super dwarf wheat under stress conditions simulating those on the space station, Mir. Journal of Plant Physiology, 152, 323-327.
      • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1998). Embryogenic competence of immature wheat embryos: genotype, do-nor plant environment, and endogenous hormone levels. Crop Science, 38, 249-253.
      • Rasmussen, R.D, Hole, D.J, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1997). Wheat kernel dormancy and plus abscisic acid level following exposure to fluridone. Journal of Plant Physiology, 150, 440–445.
      • Carman, J.G, (1997). Asynchronous expression of duplicate genes in angiosperms may cause apo-mixis, bispory, tetraspory, and polyembryony. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 61, 51-94.
      • Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, Leblanc, O., (1997). Megasporocyte callose in apomictic buffelgrass, Kentucky bluegrass, Pennisetum squamulatum Fresen, Tripsacum L. and weeping lovegrass. Crop Science, 37, 724-732.
      • Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, Liu, Z., Wang, R.R, (1997). Meiotic anomalies in hybrids between wheat and apomictic Elymus rectisetus (Nees in Lehm.) A. Love & Connor. Crop Science, 37, 717-723.
      • Hou, Q., Carman, J.G, Varga, W.W, (1997). Micropropagation of sego lily (Calochortus nuttallii). Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 49, 149-151.
      • Banowetz, G.M, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1997). Monoclonal antibodies against the plant cytokinin, di-hyrozeatin riboside. Hybridoma, 16, 479-483.
      • Rasmussen, R.D, Hole, D., Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1997). Wheat kernel dormancy and +abscisic acid levels following exposure to flurdone. Journal of Plant Physiology, 150, 440-445.
      • Carman, J.G, Bishop, D., Hess, J.R, (1996). Carbohydrates, minerals and free amino acids in Triticum aestivum L. kernels during early embryony. Journal of Plant Physiology, 149, 714-720.
      • Bingham, G.E, Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Bubenheim, D.L, Yendler, B., Sytchev, N.N, Berkovitch, Y.A, Levinskikh, M.A, Podolsky, I.G, (1996). The Spacelab-MIR-1 "Greenhouse-2" experiment. Advances in Space Research, 18, 225-232.
      • Banowetz, G.M, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1995). Monoclonal antibodies against the plant growth regulator abscisic acid. Hybridoma, 13, 537-541.
      • Salisbury, F.B, Bingham, G.E, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Bubenheim, D.L, Yendler, B., Jahns, G., (1995). Growing super-dwarf wheat in SVET on MIR. Life Support and Biosphere Science, 2, 31-39.
      • Leblanc, O., Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, Savidan, Y., (1995). Megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis in several Tripsacum species (Poaceae). American Journal of Botany, 82, 57-63.
      • Liu, Z., Wang, R.R, Carman, J.G, (1994). Hybrids and backcross progenies between wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and apomictic Australian wheatgrass [Elymus rectisetus (Nees in Lehm.) A. L?ve & Connor]: karyotypic and genomic analyses. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 89, 599-605.
      • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1993). Normalizing development of cultured Triticum aestivum L. embryos. I. Low oxygen tensions and exogenous ABA. Journal of Experimental Botany, 44, 1067-1073.
      • Riera-Lizerazu, O., Dewey, W.G, Carman, J.G, (1992). Gibberellic acid and 2,4-D treatments for wheat X barley hybridization using detached spikes. Crop Science, 32, 108-114.
      • Carman, J.G, Crane, C.F, Riera-Lizarazu, O., (1991). Comparative histology of cell walls during meiotic and apomeiotic megasporogenesis in two australasian Elymus L. species. Crop Science, 31, 1527-1532.
      • Hashim, Z.H, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, (1991). Normalization of the DNA content of telophase cells from wheat calli by nutrient modification. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 82, 413-416.
      • Carman, J.G, (1990). Embryogenic cells in plant tissue cultures: Occurrence and behavior. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology, 26, 746-753.
      • Hashim, Z.H, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, (1990). Morphological analysis of spring wheat (CIMMYT cv PCYT-10) somaclones. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 20, 95-99.
      • Carman, J.G, (1989). The in ovulo environment and its relevance to cloning wheat via somatic em-bryogenesis. In vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology, 25, 1155-1162.
      • Carman, J.G, (1988). Improved somatic embryogenesis in wheat by partial simulation of the in-ovulo oxygen, growth-regulator and desiccation environments. Planta, 175, 417-424.
      • Carman, J.G, Jefferson, N.E, Campbell, W.F, (1988). Induction of embryogenic Triticum aestivum L. calli. I. Quantification of genotype and culture medium effects. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 12, 83-95.
      • Carman, J.G, Jefferson, N.E, Campbell, W.F, (1988). Induction of embryogenic Triticum aestivum L. calli. II. Quantification of organic addenda and other culture variable effects. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 12, 97-110.
      • Pappenfuss, J.M, Carman, J.G, (1987). Enhanced regeneration from wheat callus cultures using dicamba and kinetin. Crop Science, 27, 588-593.
      • Crane, C.F, Carman, J.G, (1987). Mechanisms of apomixis in Elymus rectisetus from Eastern Australia and New Zealand. American Journal of Botany, 74, 477-496.
      • Torabinejad, J., Carman, J.G, Crane, C.F, (1987). Morphology and genome analyses of interspecific hybrids of Elymus scabrus. Genome, 29, 150-155.
      • Carman, J.G, Briske, D.D, (1985). Morphologic and allozymic variation between long-term grazed and non-grazed populations of the bunchgrass Schizachyrium scoparium var. frequens. Oecologia, 66, 332-337.
      • Carman, J.G, (1984). Morphological characterization and defoliation responses of selected Schizachy-rium scoparium genotypes. American Midland Naturalist, 114, 37-43.
      • Brotherson, J.D, Carman, J.G, Szyski, L.A, (1983). Population dynamics and stem diameter-age relation-ships in Tamarix ramosissima in central Utah. Journal of Range Management, 37, 362-364.
      • Carman, J.G, (1982). A non-destructive stain technique for investigating root growth dynamics. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 873-879.
      • Carman, J.G, Hatch, S.L, (1982). Aposporous apomixis in Schizachyrium (Poaceae:Andropogoneae). Crop Science, 22, 1252-1255.
      • Carman, J.G, Brotherson, J.D, (1982). Comparisons of sites infested and not infested with Tamarix pen-tandra and Elaeagnus angustifolia. Weed Science, 30, 360-364.
      • Carman, J.G, Briske, D.D, (1982). Root initiation and root and leaf elongation of dependent little blue-stem tillers following defoliation. Agronomy Journal, 74, 432-435.

      * Has not been peer reviewed

      Publications - Literary Journal

        * Has not been peer reviewed

        Publications - MultiMedia

          * Has not been peer reviewed

          Publications - Technical Reports

            * Has not been peer reviewed

            Publications - Translations & Transcripts

              Publications - Other

                Newsletter

              • Carman, J.G, (1992). Unifying our efforts to create apomictic crops. Apomixis Newlsetter *
              • Other

              • Dwivedi, K.K, Mayhew, D., Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2010). Cloning and characterization of sorghum outer cell layer promoter that is specifically expressed in basal endosperm transfer layer (BETL) of seeds. NCBI GenBank Accession HM035541
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roched, D., Carman, J.G, Mayhew, D., Pattanayak, J., Maughan, A., Jamison, M., Kowallis, B., (2010). Characterization of promoter expression pattern of seed nucellar specific promoter of maize (Zea mays). NCBI GenBank Accession GQ906798
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, Kowallis, B., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., (2008). Cloning and characterization of a Sorghum bicolor fatty acid desaturase (FAD2) gene.. NCBI GenBank EU424175
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Lacey, J., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., Kowallis, B., Ulrich, T., Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2008). Cloning and characterization of a Sorghum bicolor lammer-type protein kinase (AFC1) gene. NCBI GenBank EU100064
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, Kowallis, B., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., (2008). Cloning and characterization of a Sorghum bicolor sucrose phosphatase gene.. NCBI GenBank EU424176
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, Kowallis, B., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., (2008). Cloning and characterization of the Sorghum bicolor alpha kafirin gene. NCBI GenBank EU424175
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Lacey, J., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., Kowallis, B., Ulrich, T., Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2007). Sorghum bicolor mitogen-activated protein kinase family protein (MAPKK3) mRNA, partial cds (Accession no. EU165191). NCBI GenBank Accession no. EU165191
              • Bradley, J., Carman, J.G, (2006). Timing of germline development in ovules of sexual Tripsacum. MS Thesis, Dept. of Plants, Soils & Biometeorology *
              • Parrott, D.L, Carman, J.G, (2002). Physiological and biochemical aspects of wheat Agrobacterium interactions. Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Plants, Soils & Biometerology *
              • Nan, R., Carman, J.G, (1997). Effects of CO2, light, photoperiod, and water potential on levels of hormones in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Fuller, R.J, Carman, J.G, (1997). Improving cotton embryo culture by quantifying and simulating in ovulo nutrient and hormone levels. M.S. Thesis, Utah State University *
              • Liddiard, V.M, Carman, J.G, (1997). Osmotic potentials, pH, and dissolved oxygen levels in cotton ovules and their simulation during cotton embryo culture. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Hou, Q., Carman, J.G, (1995). Micropropagation of sego lily. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Rasmussen, R.D, Carman, J.G, (1995). Wheat kernel development, dormancy, and abscisic acid levels following exposure to fluridone. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, (1993). Meiocyte callose in aposporic and diplosporic grasses and in hybrids between bread wheat and Elymus rectisetus. *
              • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1992). Wheat kernel hormone levels during development and their relevance to zygotic and somatic embryogenesis. Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University *
              • Torabinejad, J., Carman, J.G, (1987). Interspecific hybridization involving Elymus scabrus: cytology of F1 hybrids and amphiploids. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Pappenfuss, J.M, Carman, J.G, (1984). Dicamba enhancement of plantlet induction in wheat (Triticum aestivum) callus culture. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *

              * Has not been peer reviewed

              Scheduled Teaching

              PSC 3500 - Structure and Function of Plants, Spring 2018

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2017

              PSC 6890 - Plants, Soils, and Climate Graduate Seminar, Spring 2017

              PSC 3500 - Structure and Function of Plants, Spring 2017

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2016

              PSC 6890 - Plants, Soils, and Climate Graduate Seminar, Fall 2016

              PSC 7990 - Continuing Graduate Advisement, Fall 2015

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2015

              PSC 5750 - Crop Biotechnology, Spring 2015

              PSC 3500 - Structure and Function of Plants, Spring 2015

              PSC 7990 - Continuing Graduate Advisement, Fall 2014

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2014

              PSC 7990 - Continuing Graduate Advisement, Fall 2013

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2013

              PSC 5750 - Crop Biotechnology, Spring 2013

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2012

              PSC 6970 - Research and Thesis, PSC 6970, Fall 2012

              PSC 6970 - Research and Thesis, Summer 2012

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2011

              PSC 5750 - CROP BIOTECHNOLOGY, Spring 2011

              PSC 6890 - GRADUATE SEMINAR, Spring 2011

              PSC 7890 - GRADUATE SEMINAR, Spring 2011

              PSC 6970 - RESEARCH & THESIS, Spring 2011

              PSC 7970 - RESEARCH & THESIS, Spring 2011

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2010

              PSC 6970 - Research and Thesis, Fall 2010

              PSC 7970 - Research and Thesis, Fall 2010

              PSC 6890 7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2009

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2009

              PSC 5750 - Crop Biotechnology, Spring 2009

              PSC 6890 7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2008

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2008

              PSC 6890/7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2007

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2007

              PSC 6890/7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2006

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2006


              Graduate Students Mentored

              David Sherwood, Plants, Soils, and Climate, June 2011
              Gao Lei, Plants, Soils, and Climate, January 2009
              Mayelyn Mateo, Plants, Soils, and Climate, August 2009 - July 2015
              Jonathan Cardwell, Plants, Soils, and Climate, August 2009 - July 2013
              Kishor Bhattarai, Plants, Soils, and Climate, July 2007 - December 2010
              Jane Ellen Bradley, Plants, Soils, and Climate, August 2003 - May 2006