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John Carman

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Agricultural Experiment Station

Plant Genetics

Professor

Educational Background

PhD, Genetics, (Plant Genetics), Texas A&M University, 1982
Defoliation responses of little bluestem at the organism and population level
MS, Range and Wildlife Management, Brigham Young University, 1978
Comparative ecology: a study of sites invaded by Tamarix ramosissima and Elaeagnus angustifolia in central Utah
BS, Earth Science, Brigham Young University, 1976



Teaching Interests

Plant growth and development Plant molecular biology/biotechnology Plant Propagation

Research Interests

1) Molecular and developmental biology of plant reproduction 2) Evolution


Contact Information

Office Hours: By appointment
Go toOffice Location: AGRS 326
DialPhone: 435-512-4913
SendEmail: john.carman@usu.edu

Awards

Organizer, Apomixis Session, 2010

International Botanical Congress, Melbourne, Australia, July, 2011

Organizer: 1st Utah Plant Genetics Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009


  • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1991). Oxygen availability affects endogenous hormone levels in cultured zygotic embryos and embryogenic callus of wheat. Plant Physiology (Abstracts Supplement) *

Publications - Books & Book Chapters

    Books

  • Savidan, Y., Carman, J.G, Dresselhaus, T.T, (2001). The Flowering of Apomixis: From Mechanisms to Genetic Engineering. CIMMYT
  • Book Chapters

  • Carman, J.G, Jamison, M., Pattanayak, J., Lacey, J., Kim, J., Elliott, E., Klein, P., Ulrich, T., Dwivedi, K., (2007). Genetic analyses of aposporous embryo sac formation in sorghum.. In: Z Xu, J Li, IK Vasil, Y Xue and W Yang (eds) Proceedings of the 11th International Association of Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology Congress,
  • Carman, J.G, (2007). Do duplicate genes cause apomixis?. In Horandl E, Grossniklaus U, Van Dijk P, Sharbel T (eds) Apomixis: Evolution, Mechanisms and Perspectives, pp 63-91
  • Dresselhaus, T.T, Carman, J.G, Savidan, Y., (2001). Genetic engineering of apomixis in sexual crops: A critical assessment of the apomixis technology. In: Y, Savidan, J.G. Carman, and T. Dresselhaus, eds: The Flowering of Apomixis
  • Carman, J.G, (2001). The gene effect: genome collisions and apomixis. In: Y Savidan, JG Carman, and T. Dresselhaus eds: The Flowering of Apomixis: From Mechanisms to Genetic Engineering *
  • Carman, J.G, (2000). The evolution of gametophytic apomixis. In: T Batygina, ed: Embryology of Flowering Plants, Vol. 3: The Systems of Reproduction. *
  • Carman, J.G, (1995). Nutrient absorption and the development and genetic stability of cultured meristems. . In: M Terzi, R Cella, and A Falavigna (ed.) Current Issues in Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology, Proceedings of the VIII Intern. Cong. on
  • Carman, J.G, (1995). Somatic embryogenesis in wheat. In Y.P.S. Bajaj (ed.) Biotechnology in agri-culture and forestry, Vol. 31, Somatic embryogenesis and synthetic seed II
  • Carman, J.G, Hess, J.R, Bishop, D., Hole, D.J, (1993). In ovulo environments and embryo dormancy in wheat. In M. K. Walker-Simmons and J. L. Ried (ed.) Pre-harvest Sprouting in Cereals 19
  • Carman, J.G, Wang, R.R, (1992). Apomixis in the Triticeae. In J. H. Elgin and J. P. Miksche (eds.) Proceedings of the apomixis workshop
  • Carman, J.G, Campbell, W.F, (1990). Factors affecting somatic embryogenesis in wheat. In Y.P.S. Bajaj (ed.) Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
  • Carman, J.G, (1987). Cellular and molecular approaches to the ecophysiology and genetic improvement of shrubs. Symposium on Shrub Ecophysiology and Biotechnology, Logan, UT, June 30-July 2, 1
  • Briske, D.D, Hinnant, R.T, Brown, J.R, Carman, J.G, Stuth, J.W, (1982). Tiller utilization, demography and response to defoliation in a Schizachyrium - Paspalum grassland. In: D.D. Briske and M.M. Kothmann (eds.) Proc. Nat. Conf. Grazing Manage. Technol.

* Has not been peer reviewed

Publications - Fact Sheets

    * Has not been peer reviewed

    Publications - Curriculum

      * Has not been peer reviewed

      Publications - Journal Articles

        Academic Journal

      • Windham, M.D, Beck, J.B, Lei, F., Allphin, L., Carman, J.G, Sherwood, D.A, Rushworth, C.A, Sigel, E., Alexander, P.J, Bailey, C.D, Al-Shehbaz, I.A, (2015). Searching for Diamonds in the Apomictic Rough: A Case Study Involving Boechera lignifera (Brassicaceae). Systematic Botany, 40:4, 1-15. doi: DOI 10.1600/036364415X690076
      • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Clemente, T.E, Ge, Z., Carman, J.G, (2014). The OCL3 promoter from Sorghum bicolor directs gene expression to abscission. Annals of Botany, 114, 489-498.
      • Hojsgaard, D., Klatt, S., Baier, R., Carman, J.G, Horandl, E., (2014). Taxonomy and biogeography of apomixis in angiosperms and associated biodiversity characteristics. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 33:5, 414-427. doi: 10.1080/07352689.2014.898488
      • Bhattarai, K., Bushman, B.S, Johnson, D.A, Carman, J.G, (2011). Searls Prairie Clover (Dalea Searlsiae) for Rangeland Revegetation: 1 Phenotypic and Genetic Evaluations. Crop Science, 51, 716-727.
      • Fuller, R.J, Liddiard, V.M, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (2011). Improving cotton embryo culture by simulating in ovulo nutrient and hormone levels. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology Plant, 47, 410-419.
      • Carman, J.G, Jamison, M., Elliott, E., Dwivedi, K.K, Naumova, T.N, (2011). Apospory appears to accelerate onset of meiosis and sexual embryo sac formation in sorghum ovules. BMC Plant Biology, 2011:11:9, 1-13. doi: www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/11/9
      • Bhattarai, K., Bushman, B.S, Johnson, D.A, Carman, J.G, (2010). Phenotypic and Genetic Characterization of Western Prairie Clover Collections From the Western United States. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 63:6, 696-706.
      • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2010). Expression in Arabidopsis of a nucellus-specific promoter from watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Plant Science/Elsevier, 179:2010, 549–552. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.07.016
      • Liddiard, V.M, Carman, J.G, (2010). Simulating in ovulo osmotic potentials and O2 tensions normalizes growth and pigmentation of cultured immature cotton embryos. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 102:2010, 1-8. doi: 10.1007/s11240-010-9697-5
      • Fuller, R.J, Carman, J.G, Hess, J.R, (2009). Nutrient and hormone levels in cotton ovules during embryony. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 99, 183-192.
      • Bradley, J., Carman, J.G, Jamison, M., Naumova, T., (2007). Heterochronic features of the female germline among several sexual diploid Tripsacum L. (Andropogoneae, Poaceae). Sexual Plant Reproduction, 20, 9-17.
      • Carman, J.G, Reese, G., Fuller, R.J, Ghermay, T., Timmis, R., (2005). Nutrient and hormone levels in Douglas fir corrosion cavities, megagametophytes and embryos during embryony. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research, 35, 2447-2456.
      • Carman, J.G, (2004). Apomixis for crop production: Status of technology development and commercialization implications. Willamette Journal of International Law and Dispute Resolution, 12, 28-48.
      • Carman, J.G, Bishop, D., (2004). Diurnal O2 and carbohydrate levels in wheat kernels during embryony. Journal of Plant Physiology, 161, 1003-1010.
      • Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Bingham, G.E, Bubenheim, D.L, Yendler, B., Sytchev, V., Levinskikh, M., Ivanova, I., Chernova, L., Podolsky, I., (2003). Plant Growth During the Greenhouse II Experiment on the Mir Orbital Station. Advances in Space Research, 31, 221-227.
      • Parrott, D.L, Anderson, A.J, Carman, J.G, (2002). Agrobactgerium induces plant cell death in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 60, 59-69.
      • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, Banowetz, G.M, (2002). Hormones in wheat kernels during embryony. Journal of Plant Physiology, 159, 379-386.
      • Nan, R., Carman, J.G, Salisbury, F.B, (2002). Water stress, CO2 and photoperiod influence hormone levels in wheat. Journal of Plant Physiology, 159, 307-312.
      • Monje, O., Bingham, G.E, Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Eames, B.K, Sytchev, V., Levinshikh, M.A, Podolsky, I., (2000). Canopy photosynthesis and transpiration in microgravity: gas ex-change measurements aboard Mir. Advances in Space Research, 26, 303-306.
      • Nan, R., Carman, J.G, Salisbury, F.B, (1999). Low irradiances affect abscisic acid, indole-3-acidic acid, and cytokinin levels of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tissues. Journal of Plant Physiology, 155, 556-560.
      • Jiang, L.M, Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Nan, R., (1999). Studies on flower initiation of super dwarf wheat under stress conditions simulating those on the space station, Mir. Journal of Plant Physiology, 152, 323-327.
      • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1998). Embryogenic competence of immature wheat embryos: genotype, do-nor plant environment, and endogenous hormone levels. Crop Science, 38, 249-253.
      • Rasmussen, R.D, Hole, D.J, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1997). Wheat kernel dormancy and plus abscisic acid level following exposure to fluridone. Journal of Plant Physiology, 150, 440–445.
      • Carman, J.G, (1997). Asynchronous expression of duplicate genes in angiosperms may cause apo-mixis, bispory, tetraspory, and polyembryony. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 61, 51-94.
      • Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, Leblanc, O., (1997). Megasporocyte callose in apomictic buffelgrass, Kentucky bluegrass, Pennisetum squamulatum Fresen, Tripsacum L. and weeping lovegrass. Crop Science, 37, 724-732.
      • Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, Liu, Z., Wang, R.R, (1997). Meiotic anomalies in hybrids between wheat and apomictic Elymus rectisetus (Nees in Lehm.) A. Love & Connor. Crop Science, 37, 717-723.
      • Hou, Q., Carman, J.G, Varga, W.W, (1997). Micropropagation of sego lily (Calochortus nuttallii). Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 49, 149-151.
      • Banowetz, G.M, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1997). Monoclonal antibodies against the plant cytokinin, di-hyrozeatin riboside. Hybridoma, 16, 479-483.
      • Rasmussen, R.D, Hole, D., Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1997). Wheat kernel dormancy and +abscisic acid levels following exposure to flurdone. Journal of Plant Physiology, 150, 440-445.
      • Carman, J.G, Bishop, D., Hess, J.R, (1996). Carbohydrates, minerals and free amino acids in Triticum aestivum L. kernels during early embryony. Journal of Plant Physiology, 149, 714-720.
      • Bingham, G.E, Salisbury, F.B, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Bubenheim, D.L, Yendler, B., Sytchev, N.N, Berkovitch, Y.A, Levinskikh, M.A, Podolsky, I.G, (1996). The Spacelab-MIR-1 "Greenhouse-2" experiment. Advances in Space Research, 18, 225-232.
      • Banowetz, G.M, Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1995). Monoclonal antibodies against the plant growth regulator abscisic acid. Hybridoma, 13, 537-541.
      • Salisbury, F.B, Bingham, G.E, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, Bubenheim, D.L, Yendler, B., Jahns, G., (1995). Growing super-dwarf wheat in SVET on MIR. Life Support and Biosphere Science, 2, 31-39.
      • Leblanc, O., Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, Savidan, Y., (1995). Megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis in several Tripsacum species (Poaceae). American Journal of Botany, 82, 57-63.
      • Liu, Z., Wang, R.R, Carman, J.G, (1994). Hybrids and backcross progenies between wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and apomictic Australian wheatgrass [Elymus rectisetus (Nees in Lehm.) A. L?ve & Connor]: karyotypic and genomic analyses. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 89, 599-605.
      • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1993). Normalizing development of cultured Triticum aestivum L. embryos. I. Low oxygen tensions and exogenous ABA. Journal of Experimental Botany, 44, 1067-1073.
      • Riera-Lizerazu, O., Dewey, W.G, Carman, J.G, (1992). Gibberellic acid and 2,4-D treatments for wheat X barley hybridization using detached spikes. Crop Science, 32, 108-114.
      • Carman, J.G, Crane, C.F, Riera-Lizarazu, O., (1991). Comparative histology of cell walls during meiotic and apomeiotic megasporogenesis in two australasian Elymus L. species. Crop Science, 31, 1527-1532.
      • Hashim, Z.H, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, (1991). Normalization of the DNA content of telophase cells from wheat calli by nutrient modification. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 82, 413-416.
      • Carman, J.G, (1990). Embryogenic cells in plant tissue cultures: Occurrence and behavior. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology, 26, 746-753.
      • Hashim, Z.H, Campbell, W.F, Carman, J.G, (1990). Morphological analysis of spring wheat (CIMMYT cv PCYT-10) somaclones. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 20, 95-99.
      • Carman, J.G, (1989). The in ovulo environment and its relevance to cloning wheat via somatic em-bryogenesis. In vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology, 25, 1155-1162.
      • Carman, J.G, (1988). Improved somatic embryogenesis in wheat by partial simulation of the in-ovulo oxygen, growth-regulator and desiccation environments. Planta, 175, 417-424.
      • Carman, J.G, Jefferson, N.E, Campbell, W.F, (1988). Induction of embryogenic Triticum aestivum L. calli. I. Quantification of genotype and culture medium effects. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 12, 83-95.
      • Carman, J.G, Jefferson, N.E, Campbell, W.F, (1988). Induction of embryogenic Triticum aestivum L. calli. II. Quantification of organic addenda and other culture variable effects. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 12, 97-110.
      • Pappenfuss, J.M, Carman, J.G, (1987). Enhanced regeneration from wheat callus cultures using dicamba and kinetin. Crop Science, 27, 588-593.
      • Crane, C.F, Carman, J.G, (1987). Mechanisms of apomixis in Elymus rectisetus from Eastern Australia and New Zealand. American Journal of Botany, 74, 477-496.
      • Torabinejad, J., Carman, J.G, Crane, C.F, (1987). Morphology and genome analyses of interspecific hybrids of Elymus scabrus. Genome, 29, 150-155.
      • Carman, J.G, Briske, D.D, (1985). Morphologic and allozymic variation between long-term grazed and non-grazed populations of the bunchgrass Schizachyrium scoparium var. frequens. Oecologia, 66, 332-337.
      • Carman, J.G, (1984). Morphological characterization and defoliation responses of selected Schizachy-rium scoparium genotypes. American Midland Naturalist, 114, 37-43.
      • Brotherson, J.D, Carman, J.G, Szyski, L.A, (1983). Population dynamics and stem diameter-age relation-ships in Tamarix ramosissima in central Utah. Journal of Range Management, 37, 362-364.
      • Carman, J.G, (1982). A non-destructive stain technique for investigating root growth dynamics. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 873-879.
      • Carman, J.G, Hatch, S.L, (1982). Aposporous apomixis in Schizachyrium (Poaceae:Andropogoneae). Crop Science, 22, 1252-1255.
      • Carman, J.G, Brotherson, J.D, (1982). Comparisons of sites infested and not infested with Tamarix pen-tandra and Elaeagnus angustifolia. Weed Science, 30, 360-364.
      • Carman, J.G, Briske, D.D, (1982). Root initiation and root and leaf elongation of dependent little blue-stem tillers following defoliation. Agronomy Journal, 74, 432-435.

      * Has not been peer reviewed

      Publications - Literary Journal

        * Has not been peer reviewed

        Publications - MultiMedia

          * Has not been peer reviewed

          Publications - Technical Reports

            * Has not been peer reviewed

            Publications - Translations & Transcripts

              Publications - Other

                Newsletter

              • Carman, J.G, (1992). Unifying our efforts to create apomictic crops. Apomixis Newlsetter *
              • Other

              • Dwivedi, K.K, Mayhew, D., Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2010). Cloning and characterization of sorghum outer cell layer promoter that is specifically expressed in basal endosperm transfer layer (BETL) of seeds. NCBI GenBank Accession HM035541
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roched, D., Carman, J.G, Mayhew, D., Pattanayak, J., Maughan, A., Jamison, M., Kowallis, B., (2010). Characterization of promoter expression pattern of seed nucellar specific promoter of maize (Zea mays). NCBI GenBank Accession GQ906798
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, Kowallis, B., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., (2008). Cloning and characterization of a Sorghum bicolor fatty acid desaturase (FAD2) gene.. NCBI GenBank EU424175
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Lacey, J., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., Kowallis, B., Ulrich, T., Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2008). Cloning and characterization of a Sorghum bicolor lammer-type protein kinase (AFC1) gene. NCBI GenBank EU100064
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, Kowallis, B., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., (2008). Cloning and characterization of a Sorghum bicolor sucrose phosphatase gene.. NCBI GenBank EU424176
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Roche, D., Carman, J.G, Kowallis, B., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., (2008). Cloning and characterization of the Sorghum bicolor alpha kafirin gene. NCBI GenBank EU424175
              • Dwivedi, K.K, Lacey, J., Pattanayak, J., Jamison, M., Kowallis, B., Ulrich, T., Roche, D., Carman, J.G, (2007). Sorghum bicolor mitogen-activated protein kinase family protein (MAPKK3) mRNA, partial cds (Accession no. EU165191). NCBI GenBank Accession no. EU165191
              • Bradley, J., Carman, J.G, (2006). Timing of germline development in ovules of sexual Tripsacum. MS Thesis, Dept. of Plants, Soils & Biometeorology *
              • Parrott, D.L, Carman, J.G, (2002). Physiological and biochemical aspects of wheat Agrobacterium interactions. Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Plants, Soils & Biometerology *
              • Nan, R., Carman, J.G, (1997). Effects of CO2, light, photoperiod, and water potential on levels of hormones in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Fuller, R.J, Carman, J.G, (1997). Improving cotton embryo culture by quantifying and simulating in ovulo nutrient and hormone levels. M.S. Thesis, Utah State University *
              • Liddiard, V.M, Carman, J.G, (1997). Osmotic potentials, pH, and dissolved oxygen levels in cotton ovules and their simulation during cotton embryo culture. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Hou, Q., Carman, J.G, (1995). Micropropagation of sego lily. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Rasmussen, R.D, Carman, J.G, (1995). Wheat kernel development, dormancy, and abscisic acid levels following exposure to fluridone. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Peel, M.D, Carman, J.G, (1993). Meiocyte callose in aposporic and diplosporic grasses and in hybrids between bread wheat and Elymus rectisetus. *
              • Hess, J.R, Carman, J.G, (1992). Wheat kernel hormone levels during development and their relevance to zygotic and somatic embryogenesis. Ph.D. Dissertation, Utah State University *
              • Torabinejad, J., Carman, J.G, (1987). Interspecific hybridization involving Elymus scabrus: cytology of F1 hybrids and amphiploids. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *
              • Pappenfuss, J.M, Carman, J.G, (1984). Dicamba enhancement of plantlet induction in wheat (Triticum aestivum) callus culture. MS Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, UT *

              * Has not been peer reviewed

              Scheduled Teaching

              PSC 6890 - Plants, Soils, and Climate Graduate Seminar, Spring 2017

              PSC 3500 - Structure and Function of Plants, Spring 2017

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2016

              PSC 6890 - Plants, Soils, and Climate Graduate Seminar, Fall 2016

              PSC 7990 - Continuing Graduate Advisement, Fall 2015

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2015

              PSC 5750 - Crop Biotechnology, Spring 2015

              PSC 3500 - Structure and Function of Plants, Spring 2015

              PSC 7990 - Continuing Graduate Advisement, Fall 2014

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2014

              PSC 7990 - Continuing Graduate Advisement, Fall 2013

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2013

              PSC 5750 - Crop Biotechnology, Spring 2013

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2012

              PSC 6970 - Research and Thesis, PSC 6970, Fall 2012

              PSC 6970 - Research and Thesis, Summer 2012

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2011

              PSC 5750 - CROP BIOTECHNOLOGY, Spring 2011

              PSC 6890 - GRADUATE SEMINAR, Spring 2011

              PSC 7890 - GRADUATE SEMINAR, Spring 2011

              PSC 6970 - RESEARCH & THESIS, Spring 2011

              PSC 7970 - RESEARCH & THESIS, Spring 2011

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2010

              PSC 6970 - Research and Thesis, Fall 2010

              PSC 7970 - Research and Thesis, Fall 2010

              PSC 6890 7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2009

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2009

              PSC 5750 - Crop Biotechnology, Spring 2009

              PSC 6890 7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2008

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2008

              PSC 6890/7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2007

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2007

              PSC 6890/7890 - Graduate Seminar, Fall 2006

              PSC 3700 - Plant Propagation, Fall 2006


              Graduate Students Mentored

              Jonathan Cardwell, Plants, Soils, and Climate, August 2009 - July 2013
              Jane Ellen Bradley, Plants, Soils, and Climate, August 2003 - May 2006